Water & Pregnancy
Pregnancy is accompanied by a 10 to 15kg increase in body weight. Only 25% of this is the embryo, about 5% is the placenta and 6% is the amniotic fluid. From the mother’s weight, about 2/3 is usually water.
Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are at high risk of dehydration, especially during the early stages of pregnancy if they have vomiting or diarrhoea. During pregnancy, hydration needs will change, and the child’s health will depend on the mother. In these months hydration plays an important role since the adequate water supply is necessary for the renewal of the amniotic fluid. Water represents 94% of the baby's weight at the end of the first trimester. It is important for mothers to drink enough water in order to meet their new bodily needs and the baby's needs during pregnancy. The European Authority for Food Safety (EFSA) reached the conclusion that because of weight gain during pregnancy, mothers should add 300ml water to the daily intake of 2L that is necessary for their body.
Breastfed babies receive an average of about 750ml of milk per day from the first to the sixth month. Breastfeeding mothers lose a significant amount of fluid during the breastfeeding period, for this reason they should increase their water intake. Mild dehydration does not affect the breastfeeding process, but moderate to severe dehydration can have a negative effect. Dehydration can also increase the feeling of fatigue in a very period that is very stressful for the mother. The European Authority for Food Safety (EFSA)* reached the conclusion that women who breastfeed should add 600 to 700ml of water to their daily intake of 2L water per day.